Six values that are commonly used in medical ethics discussions
- Autonomy – a person has the right to make their own choices. In Medicine, the patient has the right to refuse or choose their treatment.
- Beneficence – decisions involve having the other person’s best interests in mind; a practitioner should act in the best interest of the patient.
- Non-maleficence – “first, do no harm”
- Justice – to provide what a person is entitled to; concerns the distribution of scarce health resources, and the decision of who gets what treatment
- Dignity – Humans are to be honoured and treated with respect; the patient (and the person treating the patient) have the right to dignity.
- Fidelity – Keeping promises, being honest, telling the truth; the concept of informed consent has increased in importance
Directions: Select one of the bioethical issues below and using the handout provided in class, come to an informed decision on the issue you selected.
- (Should having a baby after menopause be allowed?) Is 66 to old to have a baby?
- (Should collecting sperm after a man has died be allowed?) Judge OKs Dead Son’s Sperm and Judge OKs …
- (Should euthanasia or Abortion allowed legally?) Decriminalizing euthanasia and Euthanasia Bill and End of Life Decisions
- (When should organs be harvested for organ donation?) When does death occur? and Doctors Debate